Using the Zelle Graphics Library

Overview

The package graphics.py is a simple object oriented graphics library designed to make it very easy for novice programmers to experiment with computer graphics in an object oriented fashion. It was written by John Zelle for use with the book "Python Programming: An Introduction to Computer Science" (Franklin, Beedle & Associates).

There are two kinds of objects in the library. The GraphWin class implements a window where drawing can be done, and various GraphicsObjects are provided that can be drawn into a GraphWin. As a simple example, here is a complete program to draw a circle of radius 10 centered in a 200x200 window:

from graphics import *

def main():
    win = GraphWin("My Circle", 200, 200)
    c = Circle(Point(100,100), 10)
    c.draw(win)
    win.getMouse() # pause for click in window
    win.close()

main()

Example 1

 

GraphWin Objects

A GraphWin represents a window on the screen where graphical images may be drawn. A program may define any number of GraphWins. A GraphWin understands the following methods:
GraphWin(title, width, height)
Constructs a new graphics window for drawing on the screen. The parameters are optional, the default title is "Graphics Window", and the default size is 200 x 200.
 
plot(x, y, color)
Draws the pixel at (x,y) in the window. Color is optional, black is the default.
 
plotPixel(x, y, Color)
Draws the pixel at the position (x,y) ignoring any coordinate transformations set up by setCoords.
 
setBackground(color)
Sets the window background to the given color. The initial background is gray. See below for information on specifying colors.
 
close()
Closes the on-screen window.
 
getMouse()
Pauses for the user to click a mouse in the window and returns where the mouse was clicked as a Point object.
 
checkMouse()
Similar to getMouse, but does not pause for a user click. Returns the latest Point where the mouse was clicked orNone if the window as not been clicked since the previous call to checkMouse or getMouse. This is particularly useful for controlling simple animation loops.
 
setCoords(xll, yll, xur, yur)
Sets the coordinate system of the window. The lower-left corner is (xll, yll) and the upper-right corner is (xur, yur). All subsequent drawing will be done with respect to the altered coordinate system (except for plotPixel).

Graphics Objects

The module provides the following classes of drawable objects: Point, Line, Circle, Oval, Rectangle, Polygon, Text. All objects are initially created unfilled with a black outline. All graphics objects support the following generic set of methods:
setFill(color)
Sets the interior of the object to the given color.
 
setOutline(color)
Sets the outline of the object to the given color.
 
setWidth(pixels)
Sets the width of the outline of the object to this many pixels. (Does not work for Point.)
 
draw(GraphWin)
Draws the object into the given GraphWin.
 
undraw()
Undraws the object from a graphics window. This produces an error if the object is not currently drawn.
 
move(dx,dy)
Moves the object dx units in the x direction and dy units in the y direction. If the object is currently drawn, the image is adjusted to the new position.
 
clone()
Returns a duplicate of the object. Clones are always created in an undrawn state. Other than that, they are identical to the cloned object.

Point Methods

Point(x,y)
Constructs a point having the given coordinates.
 
getX()
Returns the x coordinate of a point.
 
getY()
Returns the y coordinate of a point.

Line Methods

Line(point1, point2)
Constructs a line segment from point1 to point2.
 
setArrow(string)
Sets the arrowhead status of a line. Arrows may be drawn at either the first point, the last point, or both. Possible values of stringare first, last, both, and none. The default setting is none.
 
getCenter()
Returns a clone of the midpoint of the line segment.
 
getP1(), getP2()
Returns a clone of the corresponding endpoint of the segment.

Circle Methods

Circle(centerPoint, radius)
Constructs a circle with given center point and radius.
 
getCenter()
Returns a clone of the center point of the circle.
 
getRadius()
Returns the radius of the circle.
 
getP1(), getP2()
Returns a clone of the corresponding corner of the circle's bounding box. These are opposite corner points of a square that circumscribes the circle.

Rectangle Methods

Rectangle(point1, point2)
Constructs a rectangle having opposite corners at point1 and point2.
 
getCenter()
Returns a clone of the center point of the rectangle.
 
getP1(), getP2()
Returns a clone of corner points originally used to construct the rectangle.

Oval Methods

Oval(point1, point2)
Constructs an oval in the bounding box determined by point1 and point2.
 
getCenter()
Returns a clone of the point at the center of the oval.
 
getP1(), getP2()
Returns a clone of the corresponding point used to construct the oval.

Polygon Methods

Polygon(point1, point2, point3, ...)
Constructs a polygon having the given points as vertices. Also accepts a single parameter that is a list of the vertices.
 
getPoints()
Returns a list containing clones of the points used to construct the polygon.

Text Methods

Text(anchorPoint, string)
Constructs a text object that displays the given string centered at anchorPoint. The text is displayed horizontally.
 
setText(string)
Sets the text of the object to string.
 
getText()
Returns the current string.
 
getAnchor()
Returns a clone of the anchor point.
 
setFace(family)
Changes the font face to the given family. Possible values are helvetica, courier, times roman, and arial.
 
setSize(point)
Changes the font size to the given point size. Sizes from 5 to 36 points are legal.
 
setStyle(style)
Changes font to the given style. Possible values are: normal, bold, italic, and bold italic.
 
setTextColor(color)
Sets the color of the text to color. Note: setFill has the same effect.

Entry Objects

Objects of Entry are displayed as text entry boxes that can be edited by the user of the program. Entry objects support the generic graphics methods move(), draw(graphwin), undraw(), setFill(color), and clone(). The Entry specific methods are given below.

Entry(centerPoint, width)
Constructs an Entry having the given centerPoint and width. The width is specified in number of characters of text that can be displayed.
 
getAnchor()
Returns a clone of the point where the entry box is centered.
 
getText()
Returns the string of text that is currently in the entry box.
 
setText(string)
Sets the text in the entry box to the given string. Changes the font face to the given family. Possible values are helvetica, courier, times roman, and arial.
 
setSize(point)
Changes the font size to the given point size. Sizes from 5 to 36 points are legal.
 
setStyle(style)
Changes font to the given style. Possible values are: normal, bold, italic, and bold italic.
 
setTextColor(color)
Sets the color of the text to color.

Displaying Images

The graphics module also provides minimal support for displaying and manipulating images in a GraphWin. Most platforms will support at least PPM and GIF images. Display is done with an Image object. Images support the generic methods move(dx,dy), draw(graphwin), undraw(), and clone(). Image-specific methods are given below.

Image(anchorPoint, filename)
Constructs an Image from contents of the given filename centered at the given anchorPoint. Can also be called with width and height parameters instead of filename. In this case, a blank (transparent) image is created of the given width and height.
 
getAnchor()
Returns a clone of the point where the image is centered.
 
getWidth()
Returns the width of the image.
 
getHeight()
Returns the height of the image.
 
getPixel(x, y)
Returns a list [red, green, blue] of the RGB values of the pixel at position (x,y). Each value is a number in the range 0-255 indicating the intensity of the corresponding RGB color. These numbers can be turned into a color string using the color_rgb function (see next section).

Note that pixel position is relative to the image itself, not the window where the image may be drawn. The upper-left corner of the image is always pixel (0,0).

setPixel(x, y, color)
Sets the pixel at position (x,y) to the given color. Note: this is a slow operation.
 
save(filename)
Saves the image to the file filename. The type of the resulting file (e.g., GIF or PPM) is determined by the extension on the filename. For example, img.save("myPic.ppm") saves img as a PPM file.

Animation

For animation, you may need to import the sleep function from the time module.
from time import sleep
sleep(0.5) #pause for 0.5 seconds

Generating Colors

Colors can be represented two ways in the Graphics library. One way is to specify the name of the color in a string, e.g. "red", "green", "blue". Alternatively, you can specify the red, green and blue components of the using color_rgb(r,g,b). Each of the color values should be in the range 0-255. A online color picker can help you find the right shade for your masterpiece.

The Graphics library can provide you with a list of the built-in color names. The complete list is below. Shades of grey can be spelled gray or grey. An interactive version of this color map is available by using the python shell.

$ python 
>>> from colorPicker import * 
>>> colorPicker()

alice blue                 240   248   255
AliceBlue                  240   248   255
antique white              250   235   215
AntiqueWhite               250   235   215
AntiqueWhite1              255   239   219
AntiqueWhite2              238   223   204
AntiqueWhite3              205   192   176
AntiqueWhite4              139   131   120
aquamarine                 127   255   212
aquamarine1                127   255   212
aquamarine2                118   238   198
aquamarine3                102   205   170
aquamarine4                 69   139   116
azure                      240   255   255
azure1                     240   255   255
azure2                     224   238   238
azure3                     193   205   205
azure4                     131   139   139
beige                      245   245   220
bisque                     255   228   196
bisque1                    255   228   196
bisque2                    238   213   183
bisque3                    205   183   158
bisque4                    139   125   107
black                        0     0     0
blanched almond            255   235   205
BlanchedAlmond             255   235   205
blue                         0     0   255
blue violet                138    43   226
blue1                        0     0   255
blue2                        0     0   238
blue3                        0     0   205
blue4                        0     0   139
BlueViolet                 138    43   226
brown                      165    42    42
brown1                     255    64    64
brown2                     238    59    59
brown3                     205    51    51
brown4                     139    35    35
burlywood                  222   184   135
burlywood1                 255   211   155
burlywood2                 238   197   145
burlywood3                 205   170   125
burlywood4                 139   115    85
cadet blue                  95   158   160
CadetBlue                   95   158   160
CadetBlue1                 152   245   255
CadetBlue2                 142   229   238
CadetBlue3                 122   197   205
CadetBlue4                  83   134   139
chartreuse                 127   255     0
chartreuse1                127   255     0
chartreuse2                118   238     0
chartreuse3                102   205     0
chartreuse4                 69   139     0
chocolate                  210   105    30
chocolate1                 255   127    36
chocolate2                 238   118    33
chocolate3                 205   102    29
chocolate4                 139    69    19
coral                      255   127    80
coral1                     255   114    86
coral2                     238   106    80
coral3                     205    91    69
coral4                     139    62    47
cornflower blue            100   149   237
CornflowerBlue             100   149   237
cornsilk                   255   248   220
cornsilk1                  255   248   220
cornsilk2                  238   232   205
cornsilk3                  205   200   177
cornsilk4                  139   136   120
cyan                         0   255   255
cyan1                        0   255   255
cyan2                        0   238   238
cyan3                        0   205   205
cyan4                        0   139   139
dark blue                    0     0   139
dark cyan                    0   139   139
dark goldenrod             184   134    11
dark gray                  169   169   169
dark green                   0   100     0
dark grey                  169   169   169
dark khaki                 189   183   107
dark magenta               139     0   139
dark olive green            85   107    47
dark orange                255   140     0
dark orchid                153    50   204
dark red                   139     0     0
dark salmon                233   150   122
dark sea green             143   188   143
dark slate blue             72    61   139
dark slate gray             47    79    79
dark slate grey             47    79    79
dark turquoise               0   206   209
dark violet                148     0   211
DarkBlue                     0     0   139
DarkCyan                     0   139   139
DarkGoldenrod              184   134    11
DarkGoldenrod1             255   185    15
DarkGoldenrod2             238   173    14
DarkGoldenrod3             205   149    12
DarkGoldenrod4             139   101     8
DarkGray                   169   169   169
DarkGreen                    0   100     0
DarkGrey                   169   169   169
DarkKhaki                  189   183   107
DarkMagenta                139     0   139
DarkOliveGreen              85   107    47
DarkOliveGreen1            202   255   112
DarkOliveGreen2            188   238   104
DarkOliveGreen3            162   205    90
DarkOliveGreen4            110   139    61
DarkOrange                 255   140     0
DarkOrange1                255   127     0
DarkOrange2                238   118     0
DarkOrange3                205   102     0
DarkOrange4                139    69     0
DarkOrchid                 153    50   204
DarkOrchid1                191    62   255
DarkOrchid2                178    58   238
DarkOrchid3                154    50   205
DarkOrchid4                104    34   139
DarkRed                    139     0     0
DarkSalmon                 233   150   122
DarkSeaGreen               143   188   143
DarkSeaGreen1              193   255   193
DarkSeaGreen2              180   238   180
DarkSeaGreen3              155   205   155
DarkSeaGreen4              105   139   105
DarkSlateBlue               72    61   139
DarkSlateGray               47    79    79
DarkSlateGray1             151   255   255
DarkSlateGray2             141   238   238
DarkSlateGray3             121   205   205
DarkSlateGray4              82   139   139
DarkSlateGrey               47    79    79
DarkTurquoise                0   206   209
DarkViolet                 148     0   211
deep pink                  255    20   147
deep sky blue                0   191   255
DeepPink                   255    20   147
DeepPink1                  255    20   147
DeepPink2                  238    18   137
DeepPink3                  205    16   118
DeepPink4                  139    10    80
DeepSkyBlue                  0   191   255
DeepSkyBlue1                 0   191   255
DeepSkyBlue2                 0   178   238
DeepSkyBlue3                 0   154   205
DeepSkyBlue4                 0   104   139
dim gray                   105   105   105
dim grey                   105   105   105
DimGray                    105   105   105
DimGrey                    105   105   105
dodger blue                 30   144   255
DodgerBlue                  30   144   255
DodgerBlue1                 30   144   255
DodgerBlue2                 28   134   238
DodgerBlue3                 24   116   205
DodgerBlue4                 16    78   139
firebrick                  178    34    34
firebrick1                 255    48    48
firebrick2                 238    44    44
firebrick3                 205    38    38
firebrick4                 139    26    26
floral white               255   250   240
FloralWhite                255   250   240
forest green                34   139    34
ForestGreen                 34   139    34
gainsboro                  220   220   220
ghost white                248   248   255
GhostWhite                 248   248   255
gold                       255   215     0
gold1                      255   215     0
gold2                      238   201     0
gold3                      205   173     0
gold4                      139   117     0
goldenrod                  218   165    32
goldenrod1                 255   193    37
goldenrod2                 238   180    34
goldenrod3                 205   155    29
goldenrod4                 139   105    20
green                        0   255     0
green yellow               173   255    47
green1                       0   255     0
green2                       0   238     0
green3                       0   205     0
green4                       0   139     0
GreenYellow                173   255    47
grey                       190   190   190
grey0                        0     0     0
grey1                        3     3     3
grey2                        5     5     5
grey3                        8     8     8
grey4                       10    10    10
grey5                       13    13    13
grey6                       15    15    15
grey7                       18    18    18
grey8                       20    20    20
grey9                       23    23    23
grey10                      26    26    26
grey11                      28    28    28
grey12                      31    31    31
grey13                      33    33    33
grey14                      36    36    36
grey15                      38    38    38
grey16                      41    41    41
grey17                      43    43    43
grey18                      46    46    46
grey19                      48    48    48
grey20                      51    51    51
grey21                      54    54    54
grey22                      56    56    56
grey23                      59    59    59
grey24                      61    61    61
grey25                      64    64    64
grey26                      66    66    66
grey27                      69    69    69
grey28                      71    71    71
grey29                      74    74    74
grey30                      77    77    77
grey31                      79    79    79
grey32                      82    82    82
grey33                      84    84    84
grey34                      87    87    87
grey35                      89    89    89
grey36                      92    92    92
grey37                      94    94    94
grey38                      97    97    97
grey39                      99    99    99
grey40                     102   102   102
grey41                     105   105   105
grey42                     107   107   107
grey43                     110   110   110
grey44                     112   112   112
grey45                     115   115   115
grey46                     117   117   117
grey47                     120   120   120
grey48                     122   122   122
grey49                     125   125   125
grey50                     127   127   127
grey51                     130   130   130
grey52                     133   133   133
grey53                     135   135   135
grey54                     138   138   138
grey55                     140   140   140
grey56                     143   143   143
grey57                     145   145   145
grey58                     148   148   148
grey59                     150   150   150
grey60                     153   153   153
grey61                     156   156   156
grey62                     158   158   158
grey63                     161   161   161
grey64                     163   163   163
grey65                     166   166   166
grey66                     168   168   168
grey67                     171   171   171
grey68                     173   173   173
grey69                     176   176   176
grey70                     179   179   179
grey71                     181   181   181
grey72                     184   184   184
grey73                     186   186   186
grey74                     189   189   189
grey75                     191   191   191
grey76                     194   194   194
grey77                     196   196   196
grey78                     199   199   199
grey79                     201   201   201
grey80                     204   204   204
grey81                     207   207   207
grey82                     209   209   209
grey83                     212   212   212
grey84                     214   214   214
grey85                     217   217   217
grey86                     219   219   219
grey87                     222   222   222
grey88                     224   224   224
grey89                     227   227   227
grey90                     229   229   229
grey91                     232   232   232
grey92                     235   235   235
grey93                     237   237   237
grey94                     240   240   240
grey95                     242   242   242
grey96                     245   245   245
grey97                     247   247   247
grey98                     250   250   250
grey99                     252   252   252
grey100                    255   255   255
honeydew                   240   255   240
honeydew1                  240   255   240
honeydew2                  224   238   224
honeydew3                  193   205   193
honeydew4                  131   139   131
hot pink                   255   105   180
HotPink                    255   105   180
HotPink1                   255   110   180
HotPink2                   238   106   167
HotPink3                   205    96   144
HotPink4                   139    58    98
indian red                 205    92    92
IndianRed                  205    92    92
IndianRed1                 255   106   106
IndianRed2                 238    99    99
IndianRed3                 205    85    85
IndianRed4                 139    58    58
ivory                      255   255   240
ivory1                     255   255   240
ivory2                     238   238   224
ivory3                     205   205   193
ivory4                     139   139   131
khaki                      240   230   140
khaki1                     255   246   143
khaki2                     238   230   133
khaki3                     205   198   115
khaki4                     139   134    78
lavender                   230   230   250
lavender blush             255   240   245
LavenderBlush              255   240   245
LavenderBlush1             255   240   245
LavenderBlush2             238   224   229
LavenderBlush3             205   193   197
LavenderBlush4             139   131   134
lawn green                 124   252     0
LawnGreen                  124   252     0
lemon chiffon              255   250   205
LemonChiffon               255   250   205
LemonChiffon1              255   250   205
LemonChiffon2              238   233   191
LemonChiffon3              205   201   165
LemonChiffon4              139   137   112
light blue                 173   216   230
light coral                240   128   128
light cyan                 224   255   255
light goldenrod            238   221   130
light goldenrod yellow     250   250   210
light gray                 211   211   211
light green                144   238   144
light grey                 211   211   211
light pink                 255   182   193
light salmon               255   160   122
light sea green             32   178   170
light sky blue             135   206   250
light slate blue           132   112   255
light slate gray           119   136   153
light slate grey           119   136   153
light steel blue           176   196   222
light yellow               255   255   224
LightBlue                  173   216   230
LightBlue1                 191   239   255
LightBlue2                 178   223   238
LightBlue3                 154   192   205
LightBlue4                 104   131   139
LightCoral                 240   128   128
LightCyan                  224   255   255
LightCyan1                 224   255   255
LightCyan2                 209   238   238
LightCyan3                 180   205   205
LightCyan4                 122   139   139
LightGoldenrod             238   221   130
LightGoldenrod1            255   236   139
LightGoldenrod2            238   220   130
LightGoldenrod3            205   190   112
LightGoldenrod4            139   129    76
LightGoldenrodYellow       250   250   210
LightGray                  211   211   211
LightGreen                 144   238   144
LightGrey                  211   211   211
LightPink                  255   182   193
LightPink1                 255   174   185
LightPink2                 238   162   173
LightPink3                 205   140   149
LightPink4                 139    95   101
LightSalmon                255   160   122
LightSalmon1               255   160   122
LightSalmon2               238   149   114
LightSalmon3               205   129    98
LightSalmon4               139    87    66
LightSeaGreen               32   178   170
LightSkyBlue               135   206   250
LightSkyBlue1              176   226   255
LightSkyBlue2              164   211   238
LightSkyBlue3              141   182   205
LightSkyBlue4               96   123   139
LightSlateBlue             132   112   255
LightSlateGray             119   136   153
LightSlateGrey             119   136   153
LightSteelBlue             176   196   222
LightSteelBlue1            202   225   255
LightSteelBlue2            188   210   238
LightSteelBlue3            162   181   205
LightSteelBlue4            110   123   139
LightYellow                255   255   224
LightYellow1               255   255   224
LightYellow2               238   238   209
LightYellow3               205   205   180
LightYellow4               139   139   122
lime green                  50   205    50
LimeGreen                   50   205    50
linen                      250   240   230
magenta                    255     0   255
magenta1                   255     0   255
magenta2                   238     0   238
magenta3                   205     0   205
magenta4                   139     0   139
maroon                     176    48    96
maroon1                    255    52   179
maroon2                    238    48   167
maroon3                    205    41   144
maroon4                    139    28    98
medium aquamarine          102   205   170
medium blue                  0     0   205
medium orchid              186    85   211
medium purple              147   112   219
medium sea green            60   179   113
medium slate blue          123   104   238
medium spring green          0   250   154
medium turquoise            72   209   204
medium violet red          199    21   133
MediumAquamarine           102   205   170
MediumBlue                   0     0   205
MediumOrchid               186    85   211
MediumOrchid1              224   102   255
MediumOrchid2              209    95   238
MediumOrchid3              180    82   205
MediumOrchid4              122    55   139
MediumPurple               147   112   219
MediumPurple1              171   130   255
MediumPurple2              159   121   238
MediumPurple3              137   104   205
MediumPurple4               93    71   139
MediumSeaGreen              60   179   113
MediumSlateBlue            123   104   238
MediumSpringGreen            0   250   154
MediumTurquoise             72   209   204
MediumVioletRed            199    21   133
midnight blue               25    25   112
MidnightBlue                25    25   112
mint cream                 245   255   250
MintCream                  245   255   250
misty rose                 255   228   225
MistyRose                  255   228   225
MistyRose1                 255   228   225
MistyRose2                 238   213   210
MistyRose3                 205   183   181
MistyRose4                 139   125   123
moccasin                   255   228   181
navajo white               255   222   173
NavajoWhite                255   222   173
NavajoWhite1               255   222   173
NavajoWhite2               238   207   161
NavajoWhite3               205   179   139
NavajoWhite4               139   121    94
navy                         0     0   128
navy blue                    0     0   128
NavyBlue                     0     0   128
old lace                   253   245   230
OldLace                    253   245   230
olive drab                 107   142    35
OliveDrab                  107   142    35
OliveDrab1                 192   255    62
OliveDrab2                 179   238    58
OliveDrab3                 154   205    50
OliveDrab4                 105   139    34
orange                     255   165     0
orange red                 255    69     0
orange1                    255   165     0
orange2                    238   154     0
orange3                    205   133     0
orange4                    139    90     0
OrangeRed                  255    69     0
OrangeRed1                 255    69     0
OrangeRed2                 238    64     0
OrangeRed3                 205    55     0
OrangeRed4                 139    37     0
orchid                     218   112   214
orchid1                    255   131   250
orchid2                    238   122   233
orchid3                    205   105   201
orchid4                    139    71   137
pale goldenrod             238   232   170
pale green                 152   251   152
pale turquoise             175   238   238
pale violet red            219   112   147
PaleGoldenrod              238   232   170
PaleGreen                  152   251   152
PaleGreen1                 154   255   154
PaleGreen2                 144   238   144
PaleGreen3                 124   205   124
PaleGreen4                  84   139    84
PaleTurquoise              175   238   238
PaleTurquoise1             187   255   255
PaleTurquoise2             174   238   238
PaleTurquoise3             150   205   205
PaleTurquoise4             102   139   139
PaleVioletRed              219   112   147
PaleVioletRed1             255   130   171
PaleVioletRed2             238   121   159
PaleVioletRed3             205   104   127
PaleVioletRed4             139    71    93
papaya whip                255   239   213
PapayaWhip                 255   239   213
peach puff                 255   218   185
PeachPuff                  255   218   185
PeachPuff1                 255   218   185
PeachPuff2                 238   203   173
PeachPuff3                 205   175   149
PeachPuff4                 139   119   101
peru                       205   133    63
pink                       255   192   203
pink1                      255   181   197
pink2                      238   169   184
pink3                      205   145   158
pink4                      139    99   108
plum                       221   160   221
plum1                      255   187   255
plum2                      238   174   238
plum3                      205   150   205
plum4                      139   102   139
powder blue                176   224   230
PowderBlue                 176   224   230
purple                     160    32   240
purple1                    155    48   255
purple2                    145    44   238
purple3                    125    38   205
purple4                     85    26   139
red                        255     0     0
red1                       255     0     0
red2                       238     0     0
red3                       205     0     0
red4                       139     0     0
rosy brown                 188   143   143
RosyBrown                  188   143   143
RosyBrown1                 255   193   193
RosyBrown2                 238   180   180
RosyBrown3                 205   155   155
RosyBrown4                 139   105   105
royal blue                  65   105   225
RoyalBlue                   65   105   225
RoyalBlue1                  72   118   255
RoyalBlue2                  67   110   238
RoyalBlue3                  58    95   205
RoyalBlue4                  39    64   139
saddle brown               139    69    19
SaddleBrown                139    69    19
salmon                     250   128   114
salmon1                    255   140   105
salmon2                    238   130    98
salmon3                    205   112    84
salmon4                    139    76    57
sandy brown                244   164    96
SandyBrown                 244   164    96
sea green                   46   139    87
SeaGreen                    46   139    87
SeaGreen1                   84   255   159
SeaGreen2                   78   238   148
SeaGreen3                   67   205   128
SeaGreen4                   46   139    87
seashell                   255   245   238
seashell1                  255   245   238
seashell2                  238   229   222
seashell3                  205   197   191
seashell4                  139   134   130
sienna                     160    82    45
sienna1                    255   130    71
sienna2                    238   121    66
sienna3                    205   104    57
sienna4                    139    71    38
sky blue                   135   206   235
SkyBlue                    135   206   235
SkyBlue1                   135   206   255
SkyBlue2                   126   192   238
SkyBlue3                   108   166   205
SkyBlue4                    74   112   139
slate blue                 106    90   205
slate gray                 112   128   144
slate grey                 112   128   144
SlateBlue                  106    90   205
SlateBlue1                 131   111   255
SlateBlue2                 122   103   238
SlateBlue3                 105    89   205
SlateBlue4                  71    60   139
SlateGray                  112   128   144
SlateGray1                 198   226   255
SlateGray2                 185   211   238
SlateGray3                 159   182   205
SlateGray4                 108   123   139
SlateGrey                  112   128   144
snow                       255   250   250
snow1                      255   250   250
snow2                      238   233   233
snow3                      205   201   201
snow4                      139   137   137
spring green                 0   255   127
SpringGreen                  0   255   127
SpringGreen1                 0   255   127
SpringGreen2                 0   238   118
SpringGreen3                 0   205   102
SpringGreen4                 0   139    69
steel blue                  70   130   180
SteelBlue                   70   130   180
SteelBlue1                  99   184   255
SteelBlue2                  92   172   238
SteelBlue3                  79   148   205
SteelBlue4                  54   100   139
tan                        210   180   140
tan1                       255   165    79
tan2                       238   154    73
tan3                       205   133    63
tan4                       139    90    43
thistle                    216   191   216
thistle1                   255   225   255
thistle2                   238   210   238
thistle3                   205   181   205
thistle4                   139   123   139
tomato                     255    99    71 
tomato1                    255    99    71
tomato2                    238    92    66
tomato3                    205    79    57
tomato4                    139    54    38
turquoise                   64   224   208
turquoise1                   0   245   255
turquoise2                   0   229   238
turquoise3                   0   197   205
turquoise4                   0   134   139
violet                     238   130   238
violet red                 208    32   144
VioletRed                  208    32   144
VioletRed1                 255    62   150
VioletRed2                 238    58   140
VioletRed3                 205    50   120
VioletRed4                 139    34    82
wheat                      245   222   179
wheat1                     255   231   186
wheat2                     238   216   174
wheat3                     205   186   150
wheat4                     139   126   102
white                      255   255   255
white smoke                245   245   245
WhiteSmoke                 245   245   245
yellow                     255   255     0
yellow green               154   205    50
yellow1                    255   255     0
yellow2                    238   238     0
yellow3                    205   205     0
yellow4                    139   139     0
YellowGreen                154   205    50